Data & Technology

Data & Technology

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Racial Segregation and the Data-Driven Society: How Our Failure to Reckon with Root Causes Perpetuates Separate and Unequal Realities by Rashida Richardson :: SSRN
Racial Segregation and the Data-Driven Society: How Our Failure to Reckon with Root Causes Perpetuates Separate and Unequal Realities by Rashida Richardson :: SSRN
This Essay asserts that in the United States racial segregation has and continues to play a central evolutionary role in the inequalities we see reproduced and
·papers.ssrn.com·
Racial Segregation and the Data-Driven Society: How Our Failure to Reckon with Root Causes Perpetuates Separate and Unequal Realities by Rashida Richardson :: SSRN
Geographies of Algorithmic Violence: Redlining the Smart City - Safransky - 2020 - International Journal of Urban and Regional Research - Wiley Online Library
Geographies of Algorithmic Violence: Redlining the Smart City - Safransky - 2020 - International Journal of Urban and Regional Research - Wiley Online Library
City governments are embracing data-driven and algorithmic planning to tackle urban problems. Data-driven analytics have an unprecedented capacity to call urban futures into being. At the same time, ...
·onlinelibrary.wiley.com·
Geographies of Algorithmic Violence: Redlining the Smart City - Safransky - 2020 - International Journal of Urban and Regional Research - Wiley Online Library
The Society of Algorithms | Annual Review of Sociology
The Society of Algorithms | Annual Review of Sociology
The pairing of massive data sets with processes—or algorithms—written in computer code to sort through, organize, extract, or mine them has made inroads in almost every major social institution. This article proposes a reading of the scholarly literature concerned with the social implications of this transformation. First, we discuss the rise of a new occupational class, which we call the coding elite. This group has consolidated power through their technical control over the digital means of production and by extracting labor from a newly marginalized or unpaid workforce, the cybertariat. Second, we show that the implementation of techniques of mathematical optimization across domains as varied as education, medicine, credit and finance, and criminal justice has intensified the dominance of actuarial logics of decision-making, potentially transforming pathways to social reproduction and mobility but also generating a pushback by those so governed. Third, we explore how the same pervasive algorithmic intermediation in digital communication is transforming the way people interact, associate, and think. We conclude by cautioning against the wildest promises of artificial intelligence but acknowledging the increasingly tight coupling between algorithmic processes, social structures, and subjectivities. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Sociology, Volume 47 is July 2021. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.
·annualreviews.org·
The Society of Algorithms | Annual Review of Sociology
The age of killer robots may have already begun
The age of killer robots may have already begun
A drone that can select and engage targets on its own attacked soldiers during a civil conflict in Libya.Why it matters: If confirmed, it would likely represent the first-known case of a machine-learning-based autonomous weapon being used to kill, potentially heralding a dangerous new era in warfare.Get market news worthy of your time with Axios Markets. Subscribe for free.Driving the news: According to a recent report by the UN Panel of Experts on Libya, a Turkish-made STM Kargu-2 drone may have "hunted down and ... engaged" retreating soldiers fighting with Libyan Gen. Khalifa Haftar last year.It's not clear whether any soldiers were killed in the attack, although the UN experts — which call the drone a "lethal autonomous weapons system" — imply they likely were.Such an event, writes Zachary Kallenborn — a research affiliate with the Unconventional Weapons and Technology Division of the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism — would represent "a new chapter in autonomous weapons, one in which they are used to fight and kill human beings based on artificial intelligence."How it works: The Kargu is a loitering drone that uses computer vision to select and engage targets without a connection between the drone and its operator, giving it "a true 'fire, forget and find' capability," the UN report notes.Between the lines: Recent conflicts — like those between Armenia and Azerbaijan and Israel and Hamas in Gaza — have featured an extensive use of drones of all sorts. The deployment of truly autonomous drones could represent a military revolution on par with the introduction of guns or aircraft — and unlike nuclear weapons, they're likely to be easily obtainable by nearly any military force.What they're saying: "If new technology makes deterrence impossible, it might condemn us to a future where everyone is always on the offense," the economist Noah Smith writes in a frightening post on the future of war. The bottom line: Humanitarian organizations and many AI experts have called for a global ban on lethal autonomous weapons, but a number of countries — including the U.S. — have stood in the way.More from Axios: Sign up to get the latest market trends with Axios Markets. Subscribe for free
·finance.yahoo.com·
The age of killer robots may have already begun
AI Ethics Teams Bulk Up in Size, Influence at Tech Firms
AI Ethics Teams Bulk Up in Size, Influence at Tech Firms
Artificial intelligence ethics teams are playing a greater role at tech companies and helping them deal with bias and fairness issues that have cropped up at companies such as Twitter.
·wsj.com·
AI Ethics Teams Bulk Up in Size, Influence at Tech Firms
Canoo combines work and play in its new electric pickup truck
Canoo combines work and play in its new electric pickup truck
Los-Angeles based startup Canoo revealed its newest — and now third — electric vehicle, a pickup truck that does away with the sharp corners and huge engine housing of both comparable EV trucks and legacy diesel pickups and is aimed at both commercial customers and weekend warrior-minded consumers.…
·techcrunch.com·
Canoo combines work and play in its new electric pickup truck